gardening begins here
 Civilization advances by decreasing the work needed to produce food. 
----- Gardening, Nutrition, and Food Storage Articles -----

    Hunger Math

Hunger Math is a blog with brief articles on the problem of world hunger. The site is based on my newly-published book:
Hunger Math: world hunger by the numbers

Staple Crops to Feed the World:

NEW! Comparison of World Staple Crops [.xlsx] - Chart on 114 top staple and primary crops (from FAOSTAT data) analyzed according to the total protein, fat, carbs, and calories that they provide in the world agricultural system (2019 data), in Excel spreadsheet format.

Older data: Comparison of Potential Staple Crops [PDF] - Article, spreadsheet, and charts of over 120 staple crops, analyzed to determine which crops are the most productive sources of protein, fat, carbs, and calories per hectare per year.

Chart 1: A to Z
Excel spreadsheet, old format (.xls): Potential-Staple-Crops-2012.xls
Excel spreadsheet, new format (.xlsx): Potential-Staple-Crops-2012.xlsx

Charts 2 through 6 are simplified versions of Chart 1, sorted according to which crops produce the most protein, fat, carbs, sugar, or total calories, per hectare per year.

Chart 2: Protein Crops
Adobe PDF format (.pdf): chart-02-protein.pdf
PNG image format (.png): chart-02-protein.png

Chart 3: Dietary Fat Crops
Adobe PDF format (.pdf): chart-03-fat.pdf
PNG image format (.png): chart-03-fat.png

Chart 4: Carbohydrate Crops
Adobe PDF format (.pdf): chart-04-carbs.pdf
PNG image format (.png): chart-04-carbs.png

Chart 5: Refined Sugar Crops
Adobe PDF format (.pdf): chart-05-sugar.pdf
PNG image format (.png): chart-05-sugar.png

Chart 6: Calorie Crops
Adobe PDF format (.pdf): chart-06-calories.pdf
PNG image format (.png): chart-06-calories.png

World Staple Crops Compared - Expanded Chart - 2008 world data for crop, production amount, area harvested, yield, protein, fat, carbs, calories. Analysis of the calories per person produced by 44 top staple crops in the world.

The Global Food Crisis: How To Feed Ten Billion Persons - An analysis of world staple crops by the amount of calories, protein, and fat needed per person to feed a world population of 10 billion.

Nutrition per Hectare Chart - Crop, protein, fat, carbohydrates, calories for numerous staple crops and potential staple crops.

Oil Staple Crops Compared - Crop, production, yield, % omega-6, % omega-3, total EFAs and EFA yield per hectare.

Nothing on this website constitutes a recommendation or advice. The ideas in these articles reflect my own understanding and opinions. Take responsibility for doing your own research, and making your own decisions.

All articles and charts by Ronald L. Conte Jr.

     Food Charts and Graphs:

Antioxidant Levels in Common Foods
Chart in PDF format (2 pages): antioxidant-levels-common-foods.pdf

Biotin Content of Select Foods
Chart in PDF format (2 pages): biotin-content-select-foods.pdf
Also available in Excel format (xlsx), old excel format (xls), comma delimited format (csv), and plain text (txt).

Excerpted from this article:
Staggs et al., Determination of the biotin content of select foods using accurate and sensitive HPLC/avidin binding; Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 2004 Dec;17(6):767-776.

Soluble and Insoluble Fiber Content of Foods
Available in Excel format (xlsx), old excel format (xls), comma delimited format (csv), and plain text (txt).

Footnotes for the Fiber Chart in PDF format (3 pages): soluble-fiber-foods-notes.pdf

Food from the Garden Articles:

Growing grains with small seeds photos and description: amaranth, camelina sativa, chia seed, fonio, kaniwa (canihua), perilla, teff.

Fat from the Garden - suppose that you wanted to grow all of the fat needed for a nutritious diet, but in a backyard garden. Could you do it? Which plants should you choose to grow? This article reviews basic nutrition on essential fatty acids and various possible garden sources of healthy dietary fat.

Lysine Content of 101 Foods - charts and notes - food, total protein in 100 grams of food, total lysine, lysine as a percent of protein, as a percent of ideal, and as a percent of daily need.

Food Storage Articles:

Aflatoxins in Stored Food - important article on toxins produced by fungi improperly stored foods, especially grains, legumes, and nuts.

Food Storage Short List - For any type of food supply or distribution problems, from temporary disruptions in distribution, to shortages, to rationing, even to actual famine, I suggest this approach: (1) BUY some food, (2) STORE some food (3) GROW some food -- BUY, STORE, GROW. This article offers my short list of food items to STORE.

Food Storage - Fat - Fat is an essential nutrient. Fat is essential for the structure and healthy functioning of the human body. The body can make any of the various fats that it needs, as long as it has two essential fatty acids: omega-6 and omega-3. If you are going to store food, be certain to store vegetable oil with both types of essential fatty acids.

Food Storage - Grains - Grains provide a good source of stored protein and carbohydrates. Some grains can be stored almost indefinitely; other grains are only suitable for short-term storage. Grains are relatively inexpensive to buy, and relatively easy to store.

Food Storage - Nuts and Seeds - nuts, seeds, and peanuts provide a good source of stored protein and fat. Their high caloric content makes them a good source of stored food energy. They also provide variety to a grain-based diet.

Food Storage - Legumes - Beans, peas, and lentils provide a good source of stored protein. They also provide the essential amino acid lysine to complement a grain-based diet. Most grains are low in lysine; many legumes are high in lysine.

Calories per gram:
fat: 8.84 kcal per gram [100 g canola oil is 884 kcal]
protein: 4.27 kcal per gram [100 g cod, cooked, minus calories from fat]
carbs: 3.87 kcal per gram [100 g sugars, granulated is 387 kcal]

Pest Control:
Organic Pest Control: What Works, What Doesn’t

Food Storage Links:
Food Storage
Essential Amino Acid profiles - searchable
Food Storage FAQ
Purdue University Crop Index

FAO: Energy and protein requirements
FAO: Fats and oils in human nutrition
Institute of Medicine: Dietary Reference Intakes

USDA Dietary Reference Intakes
USDA Freezing and Food Safety
USDA Refrigeration and Food Safety
USDA National Nutrient Database - searchable

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